How To Recognize Pre-Migraine Symptoms

A migraine is a serious condition that causes a severe headache pulsating pain localized to just one region, according to the National Health Services (NHS). A 2022 study published in the Journal of American Medical Association (JAMA) revealed that migraines are highly common, affecting over 10% of the population globally. They affect more women than men and usually target those aged between 20 to 50 years. Depending on the migraine, they can be long-lasting, some affecting an individual for up to 72 hours. 

Keep in mind, there may be specific triggers that cause a migraine. According to The Migraine Trust, there are several types of migraines. However, the most common type is migraine without aura or pre-migraine symptoms. Typically this headache lasts for a few hours or could take three days to ease if the symptoms aren't treated timely. On the other hand, some people experience migraines with aura (via The Migraine Trust). This type of rare headache affects one in three and could foretell an upcoming migraine as a result of a few symptoms.

Watch out for pre-migraine symptoms

Pre-migraine symptoms are warning signs of an upcoming episode (via Healthline). These symptoms can last a few hours or days before the migraine sets in. Being aware of pre-migraine symptoms can help you identify an upcoming attack and prepare yourself or a loved one for its drastic effects. Many people experience intense thirst or cravings for certain foods before a migraine attack, according to WebMD. It's common to feel sleepy before an episode. Some may even seem more irritable and experience increased urges to pee more often. 

In addition, the early stages of the migraine attack could cause fatigue and muscle pain, especially in the neck and shoulders (via Healthline). Pre-migraine symptoms also include enhanced sensitivity to light or noises and decreased focus, as per American Migraine Foundation. Along with that, you can have digestive issues, such as diarrhea or constipation. Therefore, the American Migraine Foundation advises people to avoid typical migraine triggers if they notice any pre-migraine symptoms, such as alcohol or harmful foods.