What Are The Symptoms Of Fibromyalgia?

Fibromyalgia is a chronic condition that causes pain and tenderness throughout the body (via Medical News Today). It is often confused with arthritis, although there are some key differences. While arthritis affects specific joints, fibromyalgia is widespread and affects the soft tissue throughout the body.

The most common symptoms of fibromyalgia are widespread pain, jaw stiffness, tiredness in the face muscles, and stiff joints and muscles. Someone with this condition will often experience headaches, numbness in the hands and feet, sensitivity to cold or heat, and fatigue. Irritable bowel syndrome and restless leg syndrome may accompany these symptoms. Women will likely have painful menstrual periods. Less common symptoms include vision problems, nausea, weight gain, and dizziness. People with fibromyalgia may also experience urinary problems, cold or flu-like symptoms, depression, or anxiety. If you are experiencing any of these symptoms regularly, speak with your healthcare provider about what may be causing these issues.

Causes and treatment of fibromyalgia

Researchers are unsure exactly what causes fibromyalgia. It seems to have something to do with the central nervous system not processing pain correctly (via Mayo Clinic). Many experts believe that repeated nerve stimulation may lead to an increase of pain signals in the brain, which may cause the widespread pain from fibromyalgia. These nervous system issues can be caused by genetics, infections, or even physical events like a car accident. Prolonged stress may also cause the condition. Women are also more likely to develop the condition than men.

Unfortunately, there is no cure for fibromyalgia. However, there are treatment options available to alleviate symptoms. Pain relievers can help manage pain for people with moderate fibromyalgia. Antidepressants may also ease some of the physical and mental pain that comes with the condition. Various therapies, like physical therapy and occupational therapy, can also help. Speak to your doctor about the available treatment options if you haveĀ fibromyalgia.